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All you need to get growing is some soil, some seeds (or young plants), a sunny spot and a plan of action.
So, you’ve decided that you’d like to grow some veg, soft fruit and herbs.
The first thing to do is to decide where to grow your crops. If you want to grow a serious amount, a veg plot is the best option. But if you haven’t got room, most of the plants in this guide can be grown in raised beds or mixed in with flower borders.
Alternatively, you can grow veg, smaller soft fruit and herbs in pots on the patio. Even the smallest area can be productive.
Wherever you decide to grow your produce, a sunny spot is essential – only a few crops will grow in a shaded position.
Decide what to grow
Our advice is to grow the produce you enjoy eating. Consider some expensive seasonal treats, such as new potatoes and strawberries. Alternatively, focus on produce that’s easier to produce – all the vegetables, fruit and herbs mentioned in this guide are popular and easy to grow.
Research each crop and see how much space it needs. Some crops, such as courgettes, can take up a lot of room so may not be suitable if you’ve got a small plot. Other crops, like tomatoes, grow well in pots.
Prepare your soil
If you’re starting a new plot or making raised beds, you’ll need to prepare the ground thoroughly. Digging breaks up compacted soil, improving drainage and aeration. At the same time as digging, you can remove perennial weed roots and dig in some bulky organic matter (such as garden compost or well-rotted farmyard manure).
Your soil type plays a vital role in how your crops perform. If you’re planting a herb garden on chalky soil, for example, you’ll see better results from rosemary and thyme than moisture-loving mint and parsley. How you care for your soil is as important as how you treat the plants you grow. For help getting to know your soil type, read our tips.
Get your soil tested
Vegetables grow fast compared with other plants. Garden soil contains most of the nutrients they need, but if in doubt, it’s worth getting your soil tested. This will tell you if any nutrients are in short supply and determine its pH, which can affect the ability of plants to absorb nutrients.
Feed plants in pots
Don’t fancy growing your crops from seed? Look out for small vegetable plants at the garden centre that you can plant straight away.
Crops in pots will definitely need regular feeding. Vigorous, leafy crops such as lettuces will need a balanced liquid fertiliser that contains equal proportions of nitrogen, phosphate and potash. Fruiting crops, for example tomatoes, will need a liquid feed; this contains potash to encourage flowers (and therefore fruits).
Spreading organic matter (‘mulch’) on the surface of the soil, in a layer at least 5cm thick, in early spring (March) will prevent weed seeds germinating and will help retain moisture, too. In time, earthworms will drag it down into the soil, so you don’t need to dig it in.
Compost bins are a great way to make your own compost from garden and kitchen waste. Which? members can log in to discover which ones were awarded Best Buy status.
If you divide your plot into beds or make raised beds, the soil is less likely to become compacted and you won’t need to dig. Light cultivation, such as hoeing and raking, is all you’ll need to do.
- Grow one type of vegetable per container unless you’re growing herbs. Different types grow at different rates.
- For herbs, use pots of at least 2L. Use 10L pots or bigger for vegetables.
- Ensure the bottom of the pot has drainage holes. Cover the base of the container with a layer of broken polystyrene or gravel to aid drainage.
- Use a multi-purpose compost or the contents of a growing bag (tip the contents into a container for ease).
- Water your pots frequently in summer when the weather warms up.
- After about four weeks, feed your leafy crops with a liquid fertiliser; fruiting crops, such as tomatoes, will need a high-potash feed.